Sergeant Phil McDowell joined the Army in 2001. He served in Iraq from March 2004 to March 2005. A month and a half after being discharged in June 2006 he was ordered to return for deployment to Iraq under the stop-loss program. He left for Canada in October of 2006. He and his partner now live in Toronto. “During my tour I realized that the war was unjust and illegal and the reasons for the invasion were lies.”

Soldiers’ uncertain future
By Matt Mernaugh, Toronto Now. November 22, 2007

Army desertion rate soaring
CBS News, New  York. November 16, 2007